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Page last updated at 11:00 GMT, Tuesday, 11 January 2011
Tribute to Bank Tube station bomb victims of 1941

The aftermath of the Bank Tube bombing in January 1941
The aftermath of the Bank Tube bombing in January 1941 which claimed 111 lives

A wreath has been laid to commemorate the 70th anniversary of the bombing of Bank underground station's booking hall which killed 111 people.

Alderman Michael Bear, Lord Mayor of the City of London, led a minute's silence to pay tribute the victims who died on 11 January 1941 during a bombing raid by German aircraft.

Lord Mayor Bear laid a wreath at the Walbrook entrance to Bank underground station.

The blast travelled through the tunnels and killed people sleeping on the escalators and platforms, as well as throwing others in the path of trains.

People died underground and on the surface and, in the aftermath of the bombing, an emergency bridge was built over the huge crater to enable traffic to continue moving around the busy interchange in the heart of the Square Mile.

Mass air attack

Alderman Michael Bear, Lord Mayor of the City of London
Alderman Michael Bear, Lord Mayor of the City of London

Lord Mayor Bear said: "The familiar black-and-white images of that crater, with wardens surveying the damage, have been part of London's memory since the Second World War.

"More than 100 people lost their lives and, 70 years to the day, we pause to remember them and the families they left behind."

Two weeks earlier, on the night of 29 December 1940, the German air force carried out a massed air attack on the City of London, which resulted in a firestorm that destroyed the Guildhall, many Livery Halls and eight churches built by Sir Christopher Wren.

The destruction covered most of the ancient Square Mile but, fortunately, being a Sunday night, the death toll was less significant than it could have been on a week day.

Some 160 people lost their lives and more than 500 people were injured.

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