For many people the regeneration of Elephant and Castle cannot happen soon enough.
It is probably best known as a traffic bottleneck and for its a six-lane roundabout, rather than as an attractive visitor destination.
The local shopping centre, dating from the 1960s, has repeatedly been nominated as one of the ugliest buildings in Britain and its crumbling exterior has become a symbol of the area's decline.
Walworth and Newington
In the middle of the last century, the sparsely populated villages of Walworth and Newington were surrounded by fields and open marshlands.
A highway was built from Kent into London and roads emerged to join up with several new bridges over the Thames. The area was becoming an important traffic junction.
In 1641 a blacksmith called John Flaxman set up his forge on an island in the middle of the intersecting roads. He cleverly realised that the constant flow of horse drawn carriages made it an ideal site.
In the middle of the 18th century, the blacksmith was replaced by an inn called the Elephant and Castle and over time the name would become synonymous with the whole area.
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