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IOM internment art features on new Manx stamps
The first in a series of stamp issues focussing on the wartime Internment Camps

The Isle of Man was used by the British Government for the internment of enemy aliens during both WW1 and WW2.

Foreign nationals were brought to Mann from all over Britain enabling the Government to imprison people thought to be dangerous to national security.

They came from a broad and diverse range of backgrounds and some were established, leading artists.

Many were Jewish victims of Nazi oppression who fled occupied Europe and would later serve in British forces.

The IOM Post Office stamp issues celebrate the coming together of European artists interned during WW2.

Yvonne Cresswell from Manx National Heritage said: "The wide variety of artwork produced in the camps has provided an important visual legacy of what the camps looked like, together with an insight into the daily life of the internees and their concerns".

IOM Post Office Stamp

Three-Legged Postman 1940: The artist was Betram about whom little is known other than that he was a prolific artist who exhibited in the art exhibitions at the Onchan Camp.

He also provided illustrations for the Onchan Pioneer camp newspaper and taught at the Onchan Camp School of Art. The postcard was sent as a Christmas card to Graham McKenzie, the local sub-postmaster.

IOM Post Office Stamp

Violinist at Onchan Camp 1941: The artist was Ernst Eisenmayer who was arrested and deported to Dachau in 1938. Following his release in 1939, he emigrated to Britain.

Eisenmayer was interned in 1940 and held in various camps, including Onchan and Mooragh Camp on the Isle of Man.

He produced artwork for the Onchan Camp art exhibitions and the Onchan Pioneer camp newspaper. Following his release, he became a toolmaker and then established himself as a sculptor, with work exploring issues of violence, oppression and abuse of power.

IOM Post Office Stamp

Peveril Camp in Peel 1940 The artist was Herbert Kaden who was born in Dresden.

His family were originally Jewish but had converted to Christianity. In 1938, Herbert and his mother came to Britain to escape growing Jewish persecution.

He initially intended to be an architect but his studies were interrupted in 1940 when he was interned and sent to the Peveril Camp. He was released within a few weeks to work on a family friend's farm.

IOM Post Office Stamp

Life At Palace Camp, Douglas 1941: The artist was Painter and inventor, Imre Goth from Hungary who became well-known as a portrait painter.

He painted members of the fashionable and glamorous Berlin nightclub scene.

In 1935, Goth moved to Britain and through his friendship with the Hungarian film director, Alexander Korda, produced portraits of several leading British film stars. He was interned on the Isle of Man in the Palace Camp, Douglas from 1941 to 1942.

IOM Post Office Stamp

Portrait of Klaus E Hinrichsen 1941: The artist was Kurt Schwitters who was an installation artist, painter and poet from Hanover in Germany.

His work was identified as 'degenerate art' and he fled to Norway in 1937 and then to Britain in 1940, where he was arrested and interned in Hutchinson Camp, Douglas.

During internment, Schwitters produced several portraits of his fellow internees, together with collages and a Merz created out of porridge.

The portrait of Dr Klaus E.Hinrichsen was painted in acknowledgement of Hinrichsen's role as an artistic impresario in the Hutchinson Camp.


Report from BBC Media Correspondent Nick Higham: Manx internment camp art on show

Manx internment camp art on show
10 Apr 10 |  Entertainment
Memories from an internment camp
16 Mar 10 |  History
WWII internment items on display
13 Mar 10 |  Guernsey
Fresh look for Manx art heritage
31 Jan 06 |  Lancashire
Land Girls' medal for war effort
22 Sep 06 |  Isle of Man



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