Denis Nightingale has been speaking to those who migrated at a very young age
A special investigation by BBC Radio Cornwall has look into the Cornish child migrants who were sent to live in Australia in the last century.
Many of the "unwanted children" suffered neglect and abuse at the hands of the people who were charged with their care.
BBC Radio Cornwall's Denis Nightingale travelled to Australia to produce a special series on Cornwall's 'forgotten children'.
Listen to their stories...
The allegations of abuse in these reports do not relate to the charity Fairbridge which works with disadvantaged children in the UK.
From the 1920s hundreds of children were sent to foreign countries - among them seven year old Jan Barby and two of her brothers from Camborne.
BBC Radio Cornwall's Denis Nightingale has been to Australia to Jan's memories of sexual and physical abuse when she had been promised a place of safety and love.
The Lost Children of Cornwall are still waiting for the promised apology from Gordon Brown for their suffering. The Prime Minister said he'd be adding his voice to those who've said sorry for the abuse but no date has been set.
The Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd issued and apology in 2009, you can hear the apology at the start of this next report which tells the story of Eddie Butler who never had the chance to hug his mother.
In 1953 Pamela Clarke from Padstow waved good bye to her thirteen year old brother Leslie as he set off down under.
She never saw him again because he was killed in a car accident in his thirties.
There's not a day goes by when she doesn't think of Leslie. She told BBC Radio Cornwall's Denis Nightingale that the family had split up after her mother's death and she was very happy to learn that her brother had been moved from the Midlands to a children's home in Bodmin in the early fifties.
Why and how was the decision made to send Cornwall's children away? Dorothy Watkins became Cornwall's Children's Officer in 1948.
In the early 1950s she began signing migration papers for Cornish children to travel to a new life down under. BBC Radio Cornwall's Rosie Dunkley explains how it happened... this report contains language that some listeners may find offensive.
Cornwall Council has issued a statement about child migration. You can see it at the bottom of this feature.
Many tales of brutality, beatings and bullying have emerged from the generations of Cornish youths sent to Australia.
BBC Radio Cornwall's Denis Nightingale talked to David Eva who was born in Redruth and says his experiences as a child down under have scarred him for life.
One of the Lost Children of Cornwall was Gayle who says she spent two months in hospital in Perth in Western Australia after one beating.
She's now seventy and her mother is still alive. Gayle told BBC Radio Cornwall's Denis Nightingale that she's spent forty years trying to find out why her mother sent her down under with no success. Her mother declined a request for an interview.
One of Cornwall's Lost Children says Gordon Brown's proposed apology to the thousands of child migrants sent to Australia will not be enough. Rex Wade from St Columb Major near Newquay says the Prime Minister should be offering compensation as well.
Mr Wade was sent to Tasmania in 1970 and has been compensated by the Tasmanian government for his suffering at a Fairbridge home called Tresca.
He says life as an 11 year old was far from the paradise he had been promised and he has since changed his name in an attempt to forget the past. Punishments, says Mr Wade, at the Fairbridge Society home were frequent and painful.
The boys remember
Brian North, Billy King, and Paul Ellis were all born in Cornwall but were sent to Australia when they were young.
They were just three of the child migrants sent to the Fairbridge Farm School in Molong near Sydney. Billy, Brian, Paul and their friend Ian Bayliff from Manchester have strong memories about life on the farm...
In a statement Cornwall Council says "This is a sad and highly emotive chapter in the country's history. The policy of trying to give children a better quality of life in one of the Commonwealth countries was one which was set nationally.
Billy, Brian, Dave and Paul - proud of their heritage
This policy was in operation more than 50 years ago. Modern day practices, which are set out in legislation and overseen by the courts, would not use this as an option for children in the care of local authorities.
The Council recognises that this may have been a difficult experience for some individuals and has offered counselling and support to anyone who has been affected.
As this is a national issue, the Council will be liaising with both the UK Government and with other local authorities to consider any further action which needs to be taken." The allegations in this report do not relate to the charity Fairbridge which works with disadvantaged children in the UK.
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