"The Sultanganj Buddha is a great example," continued Martin. "It's a fantastic object. The first object to ever enter the museum's collections and many people would say it's the single most important object in Birmingham Museum."
"It tells us so much. It tells us this incredible history of ancient art and Buddhism, the story of the building of the Indian Railway system, and the impact of British colonialism. The fact that this amazing piece of sculpture was snatched away and brought to Birmingham, to a museum that wasn't even built at the time.
"It was considered it would be a great starting object for the people of Birmingham to have.
"It's been on show in Birmingham ever since it was acquired in 1864, and been on show in the museum ever since the museum opened in 1885, and so that gives it part of Birmingham's own history."
Some of the items chosen have great monetary value, others have little or none, but all are priceless in how they bring to life moments from history.
Not so pretty
Just as the Buddha was an obvious choice to be nominated, so too was a piece of the first transatlantic telegraph cable.
Video: Transatlantic telegraph cable
This stubby little piece of cable was part of the original cable that was laid under the Atlantic.
Martin was captivated by the revolution caused by the invention of this item: "The achievement that it was in terms of manufacturing, in terms of the skill of the company Webster & Horsfall who invented and made it. You also have the other side of it, the absolute revolution in world communication that the successful laying of the cable brought.
"People didn't have to wait three days while a ship ploughed across the Atlantic, they could communicate with each other in minutes. That was absolutely revolutionary, the equivalent of putting satellites up into space in the 1950s."
Listeners and viewers will be asked to suggest further objects. You'll be able to actively participate by uploading photographs of your own objects that have a local or global appeal.
It is hoped that this will lead to a People's 10 Objects, telling the history of Birmingham and its global connections.
The Museums in Birmingham will be holding an event on 7 March to celebrate A History of the World, giving you a chance to see the objects for real, as well as discovering more about objects in Birmingham's museums.
BBC WM's Carl Chinn has explored the significance of the steel pen nib and its huge and vital place in the history of both the Midlands. This was shown on BBC Inside Out West Midlands on 18 January.
You can see that again here.
BBC WM will also be telling the story of each of the 10 objects on Carl Chinn's show, every Sunday from 10am-1pm on 95.6FM.
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