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Jueves, 6 de julio de 2006 - 13:27 GMT
Campeonato de Wimbledon
El suizo Roger Federer logró conquistar por segundo año consecutivo el codiciado torneo de Wimbledon en 2005
El campeón vigente Roger Federer en Wimbledon.

Wimbledon championship

Wimbledon is the most important sporting event of the British summer. Since the first tournament was played in 1877 in front of a few hundred spectators, the competition has become a global sporting event attended by over half a million people, and watched on television by millions.

The world's top tennis players agree that playing at Wimbledon is an experience like no other. John McEnroe, a three-time Wimbledon winner, describes Wimbledon as 'the hallowed ground of the sport'.

Although the Wimbledon tennis championship has been in existence for more than a century, the sport of tennis has a much longer history. Most experts agree that the modern game has its origins in a courtyard ball game played by French monks in the 11th century.

For this reason many of the words used in tennis are of French origin. The unusual terms used in scoring a tennis match are English versions of French words: deuce (pronounced 'juice') comes from the French word 'deux', meaning 'to two'. The word love, meaning zero, also has French origins.

Much has changed since the first Wimbledon Tournament in 1877 - the first champion, Spencer Gore, won a prize of £12; this year the prize money is £630,000. Indeed, success in tennis championships is a very lucrative business. 2004 Wimbledon champion, Roger Federer has won nearly $17,000,000 in prize money since turning pro in 1998. Even more impressive, Serena and Venus Williams have won a staggering $30,000,000 between them over the last ten years.

Although, Wimbledon has traditionally been dominated by Americans and Europeans, other countries are beginning to produce world-class players. Li Ting and Sun Tian Tian, who won gold medals at the Athens Olympics, both play at Wimbledon this year. They are currently seeded 146 and 52, respectively. All Chinese competitors will be under pressure to do well; their coach, Jiang Hongwei, has gone on record as saying, 'My first target is to lift my players into the top 30. Olympic gold is not enough.'

VOCABULARY

tournament
torneo

spectators
espectadores/as

hallowed ground
terreno sagrado

century
siglo

courtyard
patio o área amurallada dentro de un edificio

monks
monjes

scoring
tanteo

deuce
cuarenta iguales

love
'love' significa 'cero' en tenis. El juego es francés de origen y los franceses solían decir 'l'oeuf' ('el huevo') para decir cero.

prize money
el premio en dinero que gana el campeón

lucrative business
negocio lucrativo

turning pro
convertirse en jugador profesional

world-class players
jugadores de talla mundial

seeded
cabeza de serie

gone on record
hizo constar públicamente



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