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Jueves, 27 de octubre de 2005 - 09:05 GMT
Murió Rosa Parks
Rosa Parks
Rosa Lee Parks, whose refusal to give up her bus seat to a white man started the US civil rights movement in the mid 1950s, has died at the age of ninety-two. Her cause was supported by a little known Reverend, Martin Luther King Jnr. This report from Laura Trevelyan:

Rosa Lee Parks was forty-two years old when she made history. She was sitting on the bus in Montgomery, Alabama, one day in 1955 when a white man demanded her seat. Mrs Parks refused, defying the rules which required blacks to give up their seats to whites. She was arrested and fined. Her treatment triggered a three hundred and eighty one day boycott of the bus system, organised by the Reverend Martin Luther King Junior. The Montgomery bus boycott marked the birth of the civil rights movement. Seven years later, Rosa Parks recalled that momentous day:

ROSA LEE PARKS: "The driver said that if I refused to leave the seat, he would have to call the police and I told him just call the police, which he did and when they came, they placed me under arrest."

REPORTER: "Wasn't that a pretty frightening thing, to be arrested in Montgomery, Alabama?"

ROSA LEE PARKS: "No, I wasn't afraid at all."

REPORTER: "You weren't frightened, why weren't you frightened?"

ROSA LEE PARKS: "I don't know why I wasn't, but I didn't feel afraid. I had decided that I would have to know once and for all what rights I had as a human being and a citizen, even in Montgomery, Alabama."

Her public stance made her a symbol of the civil rights movement, but it also made it hard for her to get work in Alabama. She and her husband, Raymond, moved to Detroit, where she worked as an aide in a Democratic Congressman's office. Upon her retirement, Mrs Parks devoted her time to an institute she and her husband founded, aimed at developing leadership among young people. Rosa Parks will be remembered for the way her quiet determination in the face of injustice helped change America.

Laura Trevelyan, BBC, New York

defying the rules
deliberately breaking the law

fined
multada

triggered
inició

boycott of the bus system
boicot al sistema de transporte público

marked the birth of
significó el inicio de

the civil rights movement
la lucha por los derechos civiles. Libertad e igualdad para las minorías en Estados Unidos

recalled that momentous day
recordó ese día memorable

her public stance
su postura pública

a symbol of the civil rights movement
símbolo de la lucha por los derechos civiles

an aide
un asistente


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