There are two towns in the north of the seat, Berkhamsted and Tring. Berkhamstead is largely residential, but is home to some industries such as the pharmaceutical company Rousell Uclaf. It boasts considerable literary associations: William Cowper was born in the town, WW Jacobs and GM Trevelyan lived and worked here, and Graham Greene - one of the town’s favourite sons - is honoured by an annual festival to celebrate his works.
In the southern half of the seat, one finds a number of towns and villages at the end of the Metropolitan line on the London underground which have developed as middle class commuter suburbs. These include Rickmansworth, Chorleywood and Croxley Green.
A more recent wave of working class incomers can be found on the South Oxhey estate, built in the 1950s and 60s by the old London County Council; however, that area seems very much out of place, compared with its environs.
Despite its affluent, conservative character, this seat has strong links with the radical 19th Century Chartist movement. In 1845 a Chartist settlement was established at Heronsgate and town-dwellers from the north of England were re-housed in cottages at subsidised rents on the estate.