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Russian Elections 1999
The elections are as much a contest between personalities, and the power blocs they control, as a conventional electoral race between parties. Click the names on the right for an at-a-glance guide to the key figures and political groupings.
FATHERLAND-ALL-RUSSIA
UNITY
UNION OF RIGHT-WING FORCES
YABLOKO
OUR HOME IS RUSSIA
THE COMMUNIST PARTY
Boris YELTSIN
Yury LUZHKOV
Yevgeny PRIMAKOV
Vladimir PUTIN
Grigory YAVLINSKY
Gennady ZYUGANOV
Aleksander LEBED
Vladimir
ZHIRINOVSKY

Yabloko



Yabloko
Yabloko is Russia's leading liberal party, with a programme that seeks to spread the benefits of economic reform throughout society, fostering a middle class, and protecting the poor.

In its parliamentary election campaign, Yabloko promised action to combat corruption, and measures to consolidate the institutions of civil society, including an independent judiciary, trade unions, developed political parties, and a free press.

In 1996 Yabloko was severely critical of Russia's military operation in Chechnya. Party leader Grigory Yavlinsky said: "This is the bloodiest autocratic regime since World War Two." Its criticism of the latest operation has been more muted.

Yabloko succeeded in acquiring ex-prime minister Sergey Stepashin as the second figure on its list of candidates. A former Russian ambassador to Washington, Vladimir Lukin, was the third.

Its won fewer votes than expected in the December elections, but remains a significant force in the new parliament.