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Russian Elections 1999
The elections are as much a contest between personalities, and the power blocs they control, as a conventional electoral race between parties. Click the names on the right for an at-a-glance guide to the key figures and political groupings.
FATHERLAND-ALL-RUSSIA
UNITY
UNION OF RIGHT-WING FORCES
YABLOKO
OUR HOME IS RUSSIA
THE COMMUNIST PARTY
Boris YELTSIN
Yury LUZHKOV
Yevgeny PRIMAKOV
Vladimir PUTIN
Grigory YAVLINSKY
Gennady ZYUGANOV
Aleksander LEBED
Vladimir
ZHIRINOVSKY

Fatherland-All-Russia



Fatherland-All Russia
This coalition of two separate movements, Fatherland and All Russia, was formed in 1999 by the mayors of Moscow and St Petersburg, Yury Luzhkov and Vladimir Yakovlev. The former prime minister, Yevgeny Primakov, joined later, taking first place on its list of candidates for the parliamentary election.

Mr Luzhkov and Mr Primakov are positioned near the centre of Russian politics, but appeal also to some nationalist voters. Mr Luzhkov has taken a tough line with Ukraine over the city of Sevastopol, home of Russia's Black Sea Fleet, claiming it as Russian property. Mr Primakov is renowned as a man who believes Russia should play a major role on the international stage, forging alliances with Asian partners to challenge the position of the USA as the world's only superpower.

The participation in Fatherland-All Russia of governors from numerous regions of Russia, such as the republic of Tatarstan, is a major asset. They ensure support from provincial voters, who are traditionally wary and jealous of Muscovites.

Fatherland-All Russia was expected to take second place in December's parliamentary election, but instead came third, some distance behind the two leading parties.