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Russian Elections 1999
The elections are as much a contest between personalities, and the power blocs they control, as a conventional electoral race between parties. Click the names on the right for an at-a-glance guide to the key figures and political groupings.
FATHERLAND-ALL-RUSSIA
UNITY
UNION OF RIGHT-WING FORCES
YABLOKO
OUR HOME IS RUSSIA
THE COMMUNIST PARTY
Boris YELTSIN
Yury LUZHKOV
Yevgeny PRIMAKOV
Vladimir PUTIN
Grigory YAVLINSKY
Gennady ZYUGANOV
Aleksander LEBED
Vladimir
ZHIRINOVSKY

Yury Luzhkov



Yury Luzhkov
The Mayor of Moscow is the politician whose rise the Kremlin has been most intent to stop. His firm rule over the capital since 1992 has helped to produce a boom in construction. He himself left the construction industry to enter politics, and is still at home barking orders on a building site in his trademark flat leather cap.

The 63-year-old was comfortably re-elected as Mayor on 19 December, the same day as the parliamentary election, gaining more than 70% of the vote. His party, Fatherland-All Russia, fared worse than expected in the parliamentary election - a fact he blamed on negative media coverage inspired by the Kremlin. Mr Luzhkov's second wife, Elena Baturina, 26 years his junior, is a successful businesswoman. She has been the subject of a corruption investigation, and ran unsuccessfully for parliament as an independent candidate.

Mr Luzhkov denies any interest in running for the presidency, but many journalists doubt his sincerity.