But the revolution did not unfold quickly. From the beginning, Solidarity sought a partnership with government and the Catholic Church. And despite relatively moderate aims, government retaliation came swiftly.
In February, General Wojciech Jaruzelski was appointed prime minister, replacing Stanislaw Kania. On December 12, 1981 Jaruzelski declared a "state of war", the Polish version of martial law. As part of the crackdown, media and educational institutions underwent "verification", a process that tested each employee's attitude towards the regime and Solidarity. More than 2,000 people lost their jobs.
Solidarity was banned. Its leaders were arrested overnight. Full censorship and a six-day working week were re-imposed. The coal mines were placed under military control and military courts were established to set long jail sentences for those spreading false information.