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Hungary
1986-1987
The turning point
The chairman of the Communist Patriotic People's Front, Imre Pozsgay, launched the debate that led to the events of 1989. He commissioned a report from the PPF called "Turning Point and Reform" which was widely circulated amongst the elite. It listed Hungary's serious economic problems, the waste of labour, raw materials, capital and investment. It proposed market reforms, using profit as a motivating force and advocated that Hungary should allow market forces to decide wages and prices. The report concluded that political change was needed; no party was above the law and an independent judiciary.

In September 1987 Imre Pozsgay invited conservative critics to meet and discuss "Turning Point and Reform". The meeting was an important step towards pluralism. It also established Pozsgay as the face of change for Communists and non-Communists.

Imre Pozsgay