BBC Online Network
BBC News
Mao Zedong
Chiang Kai Shek
Red Army
Long March
Great Leap Forward
Iron Rice Bowl
Zhou Enlai
Cultural Revolution
Red Guard
Little Red Book
Gang of Four
Deng Xiaoping
Democracy Wall
Tiananmen Square
China's Communist Revolution - A Glossary
Red Army
Red Army
The revolutionary Red Army came into being in August 1927. On the basis of Mao Zedong's theory of 'people's war', it was to have both a political and social role: from distributing propaganda among the masses to arming them and helping them establish revolutionary political power. During both the civil war, and the campaigns against the Japanese, guerilla warfare was waged according to Mao Zedong's Ten Principles of War:
  • Attack isolated enemy forces first, attack strong enemy forces later
  • Take towns and rural areas first, take big cities later
  • Wiping out the enemy's strength is the main objective, not seizing territory
  • Only attack enemy forces that can be completely overcome
  • Fight no battle you are not sure of winning
  • Have courage in battle and no fear of sacrifice or fatigue
  • Attack the enemy when he is on the move
  • In cities, seize all weakly defended battlements. Wait before attacking strong enemy lines
  • Use captured arms and personnel to reinforce
  • Rest, train and consolidate in short intervals. The enemy should be permitted scant breathing space