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BBC News Front page | World | Europe | Kosovo | Yugoslavia after Milosevic | Killing of Kosovo

As former Yugoslav President Slobodan Milosevic goes on trial at The Hague, international attention is once more focused on the massacres that took place in Kosovo during Nato's bombing of Yugoslavia. In December 1999, an international investigation lifted the veil of secrecy over the events which took place. BBC News Online examined its findings.


While independent journalists had only restricted access to the province, hundreds of thousands of Kosovo Albanian refugees brought with them consistent accounts of killings, atrocities and forced expulsions. War crimes and human rights investigators, journalists and K-For forces used these clues to uncover the true pattern of what happened in the province.

The International Criminal Tribunal's indictment of President Milosevic and four other senior figures in his administration lists six specimen charges of crimes against humanity. These alleged crimes took place in Racak, Bella Cerka, Velika Krusha, Djakovica, Crkolez and Izbica.

Watch Panorama's investigation into the Valley of the Dead

Furthermore, investigations by the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe, including the interview of some 3,000 witnesses or survivors, uncovered a grim catalogue of murder, mutilation and rape. In short, Serbs carried out human rights abuses on a massive scale - and have suffered appalling revenge attacks following the war.

Click on the locations to learn more about the hidden war inside Kosovo during the bombing. The three highlighted case studies are based on investigations by reporter Jane Corbin and cameraman Mike Spooner for the BBC's Panorama programme.

Sources for the other locations include journalists, refugees, human rights investigations and military intelligence released by Nato.

Click on the links below to read the related stories and see the full OSCE report.

Related stories:
Horrors of Kosovo revealed
The indictment of President Milosevic: Text
Q&A:Counting Kosovo's dead