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Estimated to be in excess of 45% of the population, the Pashtuns have been the most dominant ethnic group in Afghanistan. They speak varying dialects of Pashto/Pukhtu and are principally concentrated in the southern provinces of Afghanistan but also prevalent in Kabul and some communities live scattered in other parts of the country due to resettlement policies at the turn of the century. Pashtuns are divided along tribal lines. The mass departure of people during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan was 85% Pashtun. This dramatically changed the ratio of ethnic groups.
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