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Who he is: Who is he: Former leader of the Hezb-e Islami, Mr Hekmatyar was the strongest force during the years of Soviet occupation. Absent from Afghanistan for several years, he is now thought to have returned to Jabal Saraj, his stronghold to the east of Kabul.
He strongly opposes the presence of foreign troops - in the form of the International Security Assistance Force - in Afghanistan.
The interim government fears his fundamentalist islamic views could threaten long term stability.
He was the main beneficiary of the seven official mujahideen groups recognised by Pakistan and US intelligence agencies for the channelling of money and arms during the 1979-89 war. Former Taleban leader Mullah Omar supported him during this period.
Mr Hekmatyar later joined forces with General Dostum. His bombardment of the capital in 1994 is said to have resulted in the deaths of more than 25,000 civilians.
What he believes: Seemingly sworn enemy of the interim administration. There have been reports that former mujahideen president Burhanuddin Rabbani and Mr Hekmatyar have been negotiating to establish a new power in Afghanistan.
Profile: Gulbuddin Hekmatyar
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