Does your employer have a right to read your e-mails or listen in on your phone calls? Could they use CCTV cameras to eavesdrop on conversations in the canteen?
An individual's right to privacy in the workplace could become the focus for early test cases, according to the Trades Union Congress.
The problem will be in balancing the privacy rights of the individual with the rights of an employer to legitimately investigate potential wrongdoing by an employee.
Other areas of working life that may face legal challenges include dress codes or discrimination against gay or lesbian employees.
The TUC doesn't believe that the Human Rights Act strengthens the right to protest or strike, predicting that in trying to balance competing rights of workers and the employers, the courts could end up making political decisions.