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BBC News Front Page | World | Asia Pacific | In depth 
Java has been at the forefront of political change in Indonesia, with a strong record of student and worker protests against the former Suharto regime. It is Indonesia's most densely populated island, with 112 million people. It is also the most politically and culturally dominant, and the most economically advanced. Java is the location of Indonesia’s two biggest cities, the capital Jakarta and Surabaya.

East Java is President Wahid's home region, and has been the scene of several violent clashes.

Java is home to more than half of all Indonesians and has long attracted settlers from all over the archipelago for work and education.

The majority of Java's population is Muslim, but some areas are more devout than others, and many Javanese are still influenced by their Hindu-Buddhist roots.