The Queen set out the government's plans for the new session of Parliament in a
speech to MPs and peers
on 9 May 2012.
The programme comprises 15 bills and four draft bills, including:
• a Regulatory Reform Bill, which aims to strengthen competition, make the resolution of employment disputes easier, allow shareholders a vote on directors' pay and establish a Green Investment Bank
• a Banking Reform Bill which will require banks to separate retail banking services from investment banking
• an Energy Bill which will reform the electricity market
• a Crime and Courts Bill which would establish a National Crime Agency to fight organised crime and cyber crime, and allow the televising of court proceedings in "limited circumstances"
• a House of Lords Reform Bill to make the majority of members of Parliament's second chamber elected and to reduce the size of the chamber.
State opening of Parliament
marks the formal start of the new 2012-13
The Queen attended the ceremony for the 59th time during her reign, as the Monarch, the Lords and the Commons came together to launch the new session of Parliament.
After the Queen's Speech, both Houses start to debate the proposed programme of new laws and policies.