Labour MP Andy Slaughter said planning to demolish council housing to make way for new developments amounted to "plotting against the poor".
The MP for Ealing, Acton and Shepherd's Bush highlighted the proposed demolition of council properties in Hammersmith and Fulham, and urged the government to protect the rights of council tenants.
He said efforts should be focused on delivering more affordable housing in the capital.
Mr Slaughter talked specifically about the West Kensington and Gibbs Green estates, which could be knocked down to make way for the redevelopment of the Earls Court Exhibition Centre.
The MP said people's homes and communities should not be destroyed by "greedy developers and unscrupulous councils".
Shadow communities minister Justine Greening said the Tory-controlled Hammersmith and Fulham Council had pledged to build at least 6,500 new homes by 2021 - half of which would be affordable housing.
Communities and Local Government Minister Ian Austin said the government was committed to increasing the supply of affordable housing, particularly in London.