Banbury MP Tony Baldry said China and the UK must work harder at understanding one another, in a debate on relations between the two countries.
Mr Baldry talked about the execution of Briton Akmal Shaikh in China in December, the imprisonment of the prominent Chinese human rights campaigner Liu Xiaobo, and China's tactics at the UN climate change conference in Copenhagen.
China was accused of hindering talks at the summit, where the 192 participating nations failed to reach a legally binding agreement.
"It behoves both China and ourselves to understand much better what each other is saying," Mr Baldry said.
Foreign Office Minister Chris Bryant said his department had done "everything it could" to make its concerns over the case of Akmal Shaikh known to China.
The minister said the Foreign Office was extremely concerned by the sentencing of Liu Xiaobo.