The consolidated fund can be seen as the government's bank account at the Bank of England.
Consolidated Fund Bills are passed during every session to enable the Treasury to use money from the consolidated fund for spending on the public services.
The procedure on a Consolidated Fund Bill is purely formal and there is no debate on the bill itself.
However, a series of adjournment debates, which may run through the night, then take place which are often referred to as consolidated fund debates.
A final Consolidated Fund Bill is passed towards the end of every session, allowing the government to continue spending public money while Parliament is not sitting.
This final Consolidated Fund Bill becomes, on passage, the Appropriation Act.