On 20 November the Church of England's General Synod narrowly voted against introducing women bishops.
In Westminster, MPs from all parties expressed their disappointment at the decision. Prime Minister David Cameron said he that while he respected the decision he believed it was time to give the Church of England "a sharp prod".
But can Parliament intervene in church matters?
Constitutional historian Dr Bob Morris, Conservative MP Peter Bone and Labour MP Ben Bradshaw, a member of the Parliamentary Ecclesiastical Committee, joined Keith Macdougall to discuss the relationship between church and state.
Watch The Week in Parliament on BBC Parliament at 11pm on Friday 23 November, 11.05am on Sunday 25 November and 9am on Monday 26 November.
To watch the programme on iPlayer,
visit the programme page.