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2004年05月06日 格林尼治标准时间16:05北京时间00:05发表
2004年4月节目

新闻用语
Words in the News


继【媒体英语】系列,BBC中文网又推 【新闻用语】的英语教学系列。该系列是原【时事英语】的续版。

【新闻用语】每星期就一个新闻时事话题,挑选一些报导和分析,讲解英语的疑难点,帮助各位通过BBC的英语新闻和时事报导与分析来学习英语。

【新闻用语】中文讲解录音每周二在网上发布,有关英语新闻报导原文Words in the News一般是星期五在网上发表。

【新闻用语】BBC中文部每周六北京时间19:30在短波广播中播出,第二周的星期一(19:30, 20:30)和星期二(06:45)重播。

播出日期:4月30日

原文报道:

South Africa celebrates



Tens of thousands of people gathered below the Union Buildings to celebrate South Africa's transformation. On the stage, black and white musicians performed side by side. The loudest cheer was for Nelson Mandela, who steered this country away from the abyss. There was applause for Zimbabwe's Robert Mugabe, a man reviled by white South Africans but seen by some in the black majority as a freedom fighter. President Thabo Mbeki said South Africa still faces huge challenges.

(President Mbeki speaking) "Endemic and widespread poverty continues to disfigure the face of our country. It will always be impossible for us to say that we've fully restored the dignity of all our people as long as this situation persists. For this reason, the struggle to eradicate poverty has been and will continue to be a central part of the national effort to build a new South Africa."

President Mbeki has five more years in which to narrow the economic gap between white and black, and promote stability across Africa. His authority, at home and abroad, has been boosted by his sweeping victory in this month's election.


播出日期:4月23日

原文报道:

South African elections



With its unmatched electorate of 670 million people, the Indian election is the world's largest democratic exercise. Forty political parties are taking part. The outgoing government is a coalition of twenty-two of these parties, but the dominant force among them, the BJP, is feeling bullish. Its 79 year old leader, the prime minister Atal Behari Vajpayee, is calling for what would amount to a political revolution in India - a BJP overall majority.

The economic boom, he says, is not just a matter of impressive growth statistics but of real improvements in the lives of the landless poor. That's disputed by the BJP's main rival, the Congress Party. Congress, built on a heritage of secularism and socialism, sees itself as the real champions of the poor.

But the BJP, once seen as a bastion of exclusively Hindu nationalism, has moved to the centre, and has taken advantage of recent disarray within the Congress party. With the voting process spread over the next three weeks, Indians must wait until mid-May to know each party's current electoral strength.


播出日期:4月16日

原文报道:

South African elections



Long queues of voters were building up in Soweto even before the polls opened. National radio reported similar queues in other parts of the country. In Soweto people said they were still excited to have the right to vote. Many say life has improved in the past decade.

The vast majority of South Africans still vote along racial lines and so the governing ANC is expected to sweep to victory. President Thabo Mbeki is confident of winning a second five year term. He cast his ballot in the capital Pretoria and urged all registered voters to go to the polls. He also said that he hoped the election would be peaceful.

One potential flashpoint is the province of KwaZulu-Natal which has a history of political violence and where thousands of extra policemen have been deployed, but by and large, South Africans appear to be confident that the election will be peaceful and well-organised.


播出日期:4月9日

原文报道:

Western countries criticised over Rwandan genocide



On his return to Rwanda, General Romeo Dallaire singled out the United States, Britain and France as the countries who had the capacity to act in 1994. But they chose not to, he said, because Rwanda had no strategic value, and therefore the international community didn't give one damn for Rwandans, he said.

After the massacres started on the sixth of April 1994, UN peacekeepers led by General Dallaire, lacked the mandate and the capacity to stop them. He was left traumatised by the experience and later attempted suicide.

Speaking at a conference to mark the tenth anniversary of the genocide, General Dallaire was visibly angry as he described how his requests for the rapid deployment of more troops were ignored. But he strongly objected to suggestions from one speaker that he himself could have disobeyed orders and thus saved more lives.

A British based genocide prevention organisation, Aegis Trust, is also opening a museum on the site which chronicles the slaughter in Rwanda. Perhaps its most haunting testimony, the pictures of some of the three hundred thousand children who are estimated to have been killed -- shot, stabbed, hacked by machete, even thrown into boiling water.


播出日期:4月2日

原文报道:

Slavery insurance claim



This is a highly unusual case. Lloyds of London, the world's oldest insurance market, is being sued for alleged complicity in genocide and the destruction of indigenous communities in Africa two centuries ago.

A group of descendants claims Lloyds underwriters are liable to pay compensation because they provided insurance cover for ships used to transport millions of slaves to plantations in America. And to press their claim, the descendants have hired a well known American lawyer, Ed Fagan, who made his name winning compensation for victims of the Nazi Holocaust from Swiss banks.

Mr Fagan insisted the claim against Lloyds was credible because other communities had managed to win compensation in the courts for wrongs suffered in the distant past. Lloyds, for its part, refused to comment saying they hadn't seen details of the case yet. But a spokesman said previous compensation claims relating to slavery had been rejected in the courts.



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