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【新闻用语】中文讲解录音每周二在网上发布，有关英语新闻报导原文Words in the News一般是星期五在网上发表。
Lack of micronutrients affecting millions
Ten years ago a lack of vitamins and minerals was only seen as a relatively minor problem, but this new report claims that vitamin and mineral deficiency is having a severe effect on two billion people worldwide. Data from eighty countries shows the huge impact that these micronutrients have - at least a thousand women die during childbirth every week because of severe anaemia caused by a lack of iron, while iodine deficiency during pregnancy is leading to twenty million babies a year being born mentally impaired. But the authors of the report say that these problems can be overcome very easily.
Food fortification that's already widespread in the developed world is cheap - it costs just a few cents per tonne to add iron to flour - and supplements are also very inexpensive. Giving a child enough vitamin A for a whole year costs only 5 cents, this will not only prevent blindness but boost the immune system, which the report estimates could prevent a million deaths each year alone.
Survey finds hope in occupied Iraq
This is a country that's been battered by dictatorship and wars. Its wounds have barely begun to close. But with some stoicism and some optimism, most Iraqis questioned for this survey said that their lives are going well now, that they're doing better than before the war and that that improvement will continue.
That doesn't mean the same number welcome the invasion. The population appears split on whether the country was liberated or humiliated. The divisions become clearer region by region: four out of five Kurds believe Iraq was liberated; only one in three Arabs. Nearly one in five Arabs told the pollsters that attacks on coalition forces were acceptable.
Violence has stained many people's lives here over the past twelve months; security is by far the top priority. Perhaps as a result, only one in seven Iraqis believe the coalition forces should leave now and half the people surveyed said that Iraq needed a strong leader more than democracy in the next year.
And of the long term, the headline figures suggest that eighty per cent of Iraqis want a single country governed from Baghdad -- but that's nine out of ten Arabs, only one in four Kurds.
There are many unanswered questions that the community would want to have answers to and I'm sure once they return we will know answers to those questions and these are mainly why were they in Afghanistan, who was responsible for getting them there, (um) what if anything is going on (um) underneath the surface here in our community , is there any external influence on our young people and if there is we want to identify it and eliminate it. And (um) obviously we..we need to reassure the community at large that the Muslim community here does not pose any threat to them. We can only do that when we've got answers to these questions.
I think we need to give it a little more time to find out exactly the background of the information. Umm, naturally so far what information is available is that um these people were perhaps at the wrong place at the wrong time. But I'm sure at the moment in the absence of any evidence available of their activities which may be regarded as illicit or perhaps (umm you know to be) harmful, in any form in breach of a law, either the international law or whatever, one can only assume that (virtually) no offence has been committed.
In the last forty years, no Democratic presidential candidate, unless they were either a sitting president or vice-president, has been able to claim the nomination as early as Super Tuesday, the first Tuesday in March. The Democrats can rally unhindered now around John Kerry, even as their primary timetable rolls on next week through Texas, Mississippi, Louisiana and Florida.
It will become more like an early general election campaign, though -- one that the Democrats will have to sustain for a full eight months until the election itself in November. But now comes George Bush's opportunity to counter-attack. He's only slightly behind in the popularity ratings, and his advisers believe they have the means to get his numbers up quickly. A sitting president, unless he's having a dire term in office, always has advantages, and Mr Bush has been given over a hundred million dollars to spend by his supporters.
The first big salvo will be fired on Thursday with a TV advertisement blitz. The candidates will seek to out-do each other at razzamatazz party conventions in four months as they steer what has become a polarized electorate towards a November decision on which of them should become leader of the world's most powerful country.
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