Africa is the only part of the developing world that has actually got poorer in the 25 years.
Wars and crop failures have left the continent unable to support it's huge population.
Hope for the future
A massive agriculture project in Ethiopia should mean an end to the country's need for food aid by 2008.
The Commission will report back in 2005.
Keep watching Newsround for Ellie's reports on the meeting and her interview with 12-year-old Sintayehu Solomon from Ethiopia.