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  Career Stereotypes
Updated 15 April 2004, 17.35
Billy Elliott


PSHE 11-14/KS3/Levels E&F
Prejudice, discrimination and stereotypes

Overview
Students from an Australian high school explain why the theme of their award winning website is Women as Leaders.

This activity challenges traditional gender roles through mime and role-play.

Learning aims

  • To introduce the words 'prejudice' and 'stereotype'.

  • Develop thinking and discussion skills.

  • Discuss what could be done to break down barriers in career choices.
Icebreaker
Read out the Press Pack report

Explain that in this activity the students will be examining prejudices and stereotypes that reside in the world of work.

Fact File
Definitions
Prejudice - an opinion formed beforehand
Stereotype - a conventional perception of something

Ask for definitions and examples of prejudice and stereotypes.

Point out how limiting these concepts can be when deciding which career path to follow.

Circle game: Hello, what are you doing?

One student stands in the middle of a circle formed by the class and begins to mime an activity eg: digging a hole.

A volunteer then approaches the mimer, taps them on the shoulder and asks: "Hello, what are you doing?"

The mimer has to reply with the name of an activity different from the one they have been miming eg: skipping with a rope.

After the game, read the story

Bobbi Moore

Display the images from the page

and ask the class:
  • How do these images make you think again about particular careers?

  • Are there jobs that cannot be done by both sexes?
Main activity: What's My Line?
A role-play using non-traditional jobs.

Print and cut up the jobs below.

A student draws a job at random (boys and girls from their own list) and performs a short mime of that job.

The rest of the class ask questions that can only be answered with a 'yes' or 'no'.

Decide on a set number of questions for the class to ask before they can guess what the mystery job is.

Girls
Builder
Scientist
Firefighter
Soldier
Boxer
Bus driver
Racing driver
Footballer

Boys
Nurse / Midwife
Secretary
Ballet dancer
House-husband
Florist
Hairdresser
Nursery teacher
Dressmaker
Dinner lady

Plenary
Recap on the main teaching points and ask the class:

"How can employers encourage young people to try non-traditional work?"

Work experience placements for pupils aged 14 or 15 are an area where traditional views of work may either be challenged or reinforced.

Ask the class: "Why are these placements important?"

Young people frequently arrange their own placement through family contacts, often in stereotypical work areas.

Teachers' Background

  • One aim of the Sex Discrimination Act (1975) was to challenge stereotypes.

  • Children develop ideas about the roles of men and women even before they start school.

  • These ideas are often reinforced by many different influences including parents, teachers and the media.

  • The introduction of the National Curriculum in the 1980s meant that all young people studied English, Maths and Science up to the age of 16. This removed many of the gender inequalities in subject take-up that previously existed.

  • Findings show that few people study subjects or jobs that they associate with the opposite sex either at school or college or in the training and careers later in life.
Vocational courses:
  • 12,000 young people enrolled on GNVQs in England and Wales and SCOTVECs in Scotland last year.

  • But the occupational choices on GNVQs and SCOTVECs are strongly stereotyped.

  • Largely, girls train to be hairdressers and boys to be car mechanics and computer specialists.

  • Numbers opting out of parts of the National Curriculum are expected to increase as the schemes are extended.
Turn this into an assembly
  • Introduce the concepts of prejudice and stereotypes.

  • Play 'What's My Line?' by asking for volunteers to mime their given jobs.

For all links and resources click at top right.


More InfoBORDER=0
TeachersStereotype-challenging images
UKBig divide over school subjects
ClubOur website is all about inspiring women

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BBC Links
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BBC Radio 1: Essentials - girls on top

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Web Links
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Equal Opportunities Commission
Note: You will leave CBBC. We are not responsible for other websites.

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