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  How to hold a debate: Printable
Updated 12 March 2002, 10.52

The opening address
[1] The chair opens the meeting, checks who is present and who is able to vote at the debate. Either the chair or the proposer then reads out the motion.

[2] The proposer speaks in favour of the motion.

[3] The opposer speaks against the motion.

Each of the seconders speaks next.

[4] The seconder for the motion speaks first.

[5] The seconder against speaks next.

Amendments
[6] The proposer of any amendment reads it aloud followed by an opposer who speaks against it.

Open to the floor
Now the chair declares the motion 'open to the floor'.

[7] Anyone in the audience may now speak, either for or against the motion, or for or against any amendment. Anyone who wishes to speak raises their hand and waits for permission from the chair.

Summing up
[8] The chair asks the main speakers for and against each amendment to give a summary.

[9] Each amendment is then voted on.

[10] The chair asks the opposer to give a brief summary of why people should vote against the motion.

[11] The proposer is then asked to give a brief summary of why people should vote for the motion.

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