2) Main activity
Who can break up armed conflicts?
Ending conflict is often attempted by using the United Nations. The UN is an organisation to which 189 countries belong. The members want the world to be a more peaceful place.
Sometimes the UN sends in troops to separate opposing groups. This is called peacekeeping.
Students act as the Security Council
They consider in small groups, or debate as a class, how to resolve conflict in Haiti.
The lesson concludes with a vote on their suggestions. Start by informing them of their options then brief them on four problems to be solved.
They must address each in turn. They do not always have to send peacekeepers.
- Soon Haiti might get a new government: How will the UN make sure that people listen to the country's new leaders?
- Rebel convoys have arrived in the capital city, how can you make sure the streets are safe for all Haitians?
- Haiti's capital Port-au-Prince has a lot of armed residents now, sometimes arguments can turn into gunfights and innocent people are hurt.
- Perhaps the rebels will attack any foreign soldiers you send in, how will you protect the peacekeepers?
Why is it a good idea to resolve conflicts?
What can the UN do that individual countries cannot?
How can a peacekeeping force help?
What could go wrong when you are peacekeeping?