More than 600 new species have been discovered in the last decade on Madagascar. This one is a boophis bottaeas - a new kind of frog.
Madagascar is an island in the Indian Ocean, where this new type of chamelon has been found.
Experts have revealed that a new species, like this amazing-coloured chameleon, has been discovered almost every week since 1999.
But lots of them, like this furcifer timoni (it's another chameleon), are already under threat from the destruction of forests and plants.
New finds include 385 plants, 42 invertebrates, 17 fish, 69 amphibians, 61 reptiles and 41 mammals. This one looks like papier-mache, but actually it's a cork bark leaf-tail gecko.
One of the most important discoveries is the world's smallest primate - the 10cm-long Berthe's mouse lemur.
This creature that looks like two frogs squashed together is actually two small tree frogs mating. They're boophis lilianae.