The Ashes series will be decided in the the next five days, with the final Test match taking place at The Oval. England must win the match to take the series and regain the Ashes.
As with every Test match the coin toss is crucial. Ricky Ponting called incorrectly, so England captain Andrew Strauss had the choice to bat or field - he picked batting.
Australia made the early breakthrough, nabbing the wicket of Alistair Cook for just 10 runs. At that point England had only scored 12 runs.
England made a good recovery, notching up over 100 runs before lunch. But it didn't last, and they lost two more wickets before tea, including Andrew Strauss.
England kept scoring runs, but couldn't stop losing wickets either. Jonathon Trott scored 41 on his debut, but was brilliantly run out by Australia's Simon Katich.
England ended the day having scored 307 runs, but lost eight wickets on the way to that total. Graeme Swann was the last man out, for 18 runs, leaving Australia on top in the match.
England didn't score many more runs when the second day got started, finishing their first innings on 332 all out.
Australia got off to a strong start, but the match was held up by rain. Australia were 61-0 at lunch.
But England stunned the Aussies by bowling them all out for just 160 runs. Stuart Broad did much of the damage to the tourists. Suddenly, the whole series hung in the balance!
It didn't all go England's way though. They lost three quick wickets towards the end of the day, ending on 58-3. Even so, England still start day three with a lead of 230 runs.
England carried on batting on the third day, and reached lunch having scored 157 runs for four wickets. Andrew Strauss was out just before lunch for 75 runs.
By tea the lead was even bigger, but England did lose a few wickets. Andrew Flintoff came out to bat for the final time for England, scoring 22 runs.
Jonathon Trott scored 119 on his debut, and when he was out England stopped batting on 373-9. Australia need 546 runs to win the match - England need to take 10 wickets.
Australia did end the day well though, scoring 80 runs without losing a wicket. But they still face a huge task to avoid losing the match and need to score a record 466 runs to win it.
England made a brilliant start to the fourth day, grabbing two early wickets. Stuart Broad and Graeme Swann each took a wicket to put the home team on top.
Australia did get back into the match with some brilliant batting, but then this happened. Ricky Ponting was run out for 66 runs by Andrew Flintoff.
One over later it happened again. This time Michael Clarke was the man run out, for a duck. And then Australia lost another wicket too to slump to 236-5.
Despite losing those wickets, Australia kept fighting. When wicketkeeper Brad Haddin was caught by Andrew Strauss England fans could sense victory was coming.
Steve Harmison then snapped up three Australian wickets to put England on the verge of a famous triumph.
And then the final wicket fell to spin bowler Graeme Swann. He got Michael Hussey out for 121 runs to give England victory in the final deciding Test by 197 runs.