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Last Updated: Tuesday June 19 2007 14:08 GMT

Who was Baden-Powell?

Robert Baden-Powell

Born in 1857, Robert Baden-Powell was a soldier who won many medals for his work. He was also an artist and an actor.

He served in the in the army between 1876 and 1910. The highpoint of his career was when he successfully defended the African city of Mafeking during the Boer War.

Baden-Powell was impressed by boys under the fighting age who helped during the war with things like looking after property, carrying messages and

helping in hospitals.

Scouting began in 1907

This lead to the creation of the Scouting movement after an experimental camp was held in 1907.

Baden-Powell married his wife, Olave, in 1912. The couple moved to Kenya in Africa in 1939 and Baden-Powell died there two years later.

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