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Last Updated: Monday February 19 2007 10:59 GMT

In pictures: Slavery

People being captured to be slaves in the Congo, Africa

From about 1580, men, women and children were taken from their homes in Africa to be sold as slaves.

A map showing the routes for transporting people who were captured to be slaves

Buying and selling slaves was big business in the 17th and 18th centuries. This map of Africa shows the routes that kidnapped people were marched to be put on ships.

Map

Ships made a three-stage triangle-shaped journey. The ships sailed from Europe to Africa, carrying goods such as guns and cloth, which they swapped for slaves in Africa.

Drawing shows the crowded deck of a slave ship in 1750

Conditions on the slave ships were appalling and about a third of the people died during the voyage. The slaves were sailed to North America, South America, and the Caribbean.

Picture of a slave ship

A ship often had 30 crewmen and carried about 300 slave men, women and children, who were all chained to each other in a tiny space.

Diagram of a slave ship

Slaves were forced to sleep on bare wood with only about 45cm space to sit up in. That's hardly enough to sit upright!

Slave market

Slaves were sold in markets, just as you would buy fruit or vegetables. They had no rights and had to obey whoever bought them - their master.

Advert for slaves

This is an actual advert that was used, showing that 250 slaves were to arrive for sale. It's hard to believe people were sold like this.

Slave masks

Slaves were their master's property and so could be treated badly. This picture shows a cruel mask which was to stop slaves eating without permission!

Harewood House in Yorkshire. Photo courtesy of Harewood House Trust

The slave trade was a way of getting really rich. This grand house in Yorkshire was built on money earned in 47 sugar plantations - giant farms - where slaves worked.

Anti-slavery protests at Exeter Hall, Exeter, in 1841

But gradually people began to protest about the way slaves were treated. Some stopped using sugar in protest. This picture shows an anti-slavery meeting in Exeter in 1841.

William Wilberforce

Then in 1807 William Wilberforce MP brought a law in that banned the slave trade. And then in 1833, slavery was outlawed.



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