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Teachers: PSHE: Behaviour Risks

Last Updated: Monday May 08 2006 16:38 GMT

Arson

A small fire can get out of control easily
Every day there are three arson attacks in schools across the UK.

The first show of a new series, Newsround Investigates, looks at some of the reasons why children commit arson and examines the consequences of their actions.

This lesson accompanies the documentary, which can be viewed by clicking on the link in the right-hand, dark-blue box.

Students role play filming a news report about an arson attack at school.

Learning aims

By the end of the lesson, students should have a deeper understanding of:

  • Reasons why children commit arson
  • Consequences of arson
  • Resisting peer pressure
Ice-breaker

Arson brainstorm

Brainstorm the word arson and make a class list of suggestions.

Arson is when people deliberately set fire to property or buildings. Examples of arson include setting light to dustbins, grass, trees, piles of rubbish and cars.

Reasons and consequences

Individually students write down:

  • Three reasons why somebody might commit arson
  • Three consequences of arson

    Some examples:

      Reasons
    • Boredom
    • Peer-pressure
    • To get attention
    • A cry for help because of bullying

      Consequences

    • People can get badly burnt or killed
    • It can cost thousands or millions of pounds to rebuild buildings or schools
    • Losing valuable coursework
    • The loss of equipment, classrooms or other facilities
    • Pupils may have to move schools while their old one is being rebuilt
    One student reads out their list of reasons and consequences. The rest of the class raise their hand each time suggestion matches one on their list.

    Repeat this exercise a few time to elicit a variety of reasons.

    Fireman try to put a fire out
    Resisting peer pressure

    Explain to students: Peer pressure is when you do something either because all your friends are doing it or because they have persuaded you to do it.

    Sometimes people are worried they'll be picked on if they don't go with the crowd. Other times people do stuff because they think their friends will like them more, or because their mates are doing it, so it seems normal.

    Ask students: How would you deal with someone pressurising you to set fire to a bin at school?

    Some suggestions:

    • Choose your friends wisely. Go for quality, not quantity. Focus on developing firm friendships with people with the same values and ideas as you have. Even having one friend who'll back you up when you want to go against the group will really help.

    • Be strong. Always go with what you know is right. Remember, good friends respect your wishes and individuality. Stand up for what you believe in and you'll respect yourself more too.
    These suggestions come form the BBC's Teens website. For more information, click on the link in the right-hand, dark-blue box.

    Main activity

    Role play news report

    Scenario: You are a Newsround presenter. Last night, a school was deliberately set on fire. You are going to the scene of the fire with a camera crew to film a report for tonight's news bulletin. Your report will last three minutes - that's enough time to interview three people.

    In groups of four, students decide on the three people they are going to interview.

    A fire
    Some suggestions:

    • Head teacher
    • Pupil
    • Arsonist
    • Firefighter
    • Governor
    • Child psychologist
    Students take on the roles of the presenter plus three interviewees.

    Explain to presenters: The key question to ask each interviewee is: How have you been affected by the fire? E.g. the pupil may have lost all their coursework and is worried their school results will be affected. You can follow this up with other questions if you have time.

    Students practise their news report, as if talking to camera, before presenting them to the rest of the class.

    Extension activity

    News website report

    Students use their interviews to write a report for the Newsround website.

    Explain to students that their story should try and answer the five Ws of news:

    • What happened?
    • Who was involved
    • Where did it happen?
    • When did it happen?
    • Why did it happen?
    Plenary

    Prevention

    Ask students: What can be done to stop people setting fire to buildings and property?

    Some suggestions:

    Fire experts say the best way is to teach people that fire can be dangerous. It not only damages property but can also cause severe injury or death.

    Experts say there are four other main ways to help stop arson in schools:

    • Take part in regular fire drills
    • Lock away any materials that burn easily
    • Store waste bins and wheelie bins away from the building, locked up if possible
    • Discourage arsonists from entering the building or grounds by maintaining fencing and keeping alarm systems up-to-date
    Teachers' background

    For resources about arson, click on the links in the top-right corner of this page.

    Curriculum relevance

    PSHE Key Stage 3 National Curriculum

    2g. Recognise when pressure from others threatens personal safety and well-being, and develop effective ways of resisting pressures.
    3j. Resist pressure to do wrong.
    4b. Feel positive e.g. by taking part in a public performance.


    For hundreds more news-based stories, click on Teachers on the left-hand side.



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