BBC Home
Explore the BBC


Guides: Northern Ireland

Last Updated: Tuesday May 08 2007 15:32 GMT

Why was there conflict?

The community in Northern Ireland can be roughly divided into two groups:


Are mainly Protestants and have traditionally wanted Northern Ireland to stay part of the UK. They are also known as Loyalists (because they are loyal to the British crown).


Are mainly Catholics and have wanted the area to join the Republic of Ireland (the rest of Ireland) and form a united Ireland. They are also known as Republicans (because they want to be part of the Republic Of Ireland).

The differing views of the two groups led to a lot of unrest.

Guide to Northern Ireland

BBC Homepage >> | CBBC Homepage >>

Meet the Team | Help | Contact Us | News sources | Privacy & Cookies Policy