England have won the fourth Ashes Test by three wickets at Trent Bridge to take a 2-1 lead in the five-match series.
England's nerve-wracking victory against Australia, now gives them the chance to win the series.
The fifth and final Test will be at The Oval on 8 September.
Australia have won the last eight Ashes series and if the final outcome is 2-2, then the Tourists will retain the prized Ashes.
England's last Test campaign triumph against their oldest foes was in 1986. This is the first time England have led in a series since 1997.
Australia were bowled out for 387 and England had 129 to claim victory - but it looked wobbly at one point when England slumped to 57-4 and 116-7. Asley Giles finally put over the winning runs.