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Guides: Aid

Last Updated: Thursday June 09 2005 14:47 GMT

How do we decide who needs aid?

Casamance school
Before an organisation or government gives aid, political, social and economic factors are taken into account:

Political factors

How a country has treated its people is looked at.

The reliability of the country's government is also taken into account.

If the UK gave aid to a country which

supports terrorism for example, it could damage political relations with other nations.

Also, there have been cases where governments or leaders have stolen aid.

Social factors

Governments and organisations may give aid because they want to relieve the suffering experienced by people in another country.

They may want to improve the living standard of the people in that country by, for example, increasing the literacy rate.

The number of people without jobs in both the giving and receiving countries are considered.

If the UK government gave aid to the cotton industry in Kenya for example, they would decide first if this would lead to jobs being lost in Britain.

Here are some other social factors looked at (in the country receiving the aid):

  • Education
  • Birth rate
  • Death rate
Economic factors

The government or organisation giving the aid has to be sure it can afford it.

The availability of raw materials in the country receiving the aid are also looked at.

If the UK government gave aid to Zambia for example, it would be aware of the amount of copper in the country.

The possibilities of trade or other financial benefits are also considered.

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