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Guides: Aid

Last Updated: Thursday June 09 2005 14:37 GMT

How do international organisations help?

Congolese women carry luggage back to a camp in eastern town of Bunia
Multilateral aid is money given by governments to international organisations such as the World Bank, the United Nations.

Here is a bit more information about them:

The World Bank

The World Bank gives more money to help farmers in poor countries than any other organisation.

All of the world's richest countries give a percentage of their money to the World Bank.

Its main aim is to give African governments money for education, health, clean water and food.

The United Nations (UN)

The UN has special agencies to tackle problems faced by countries in crisis. Here are some of them:

UNICEF works to improve the lives of children in poor countries.

It puts money towards schools, teachers and equipment so children can learn to read and write. This will help them provide for themselves as adults.

UNICEF also funds health projects such as vaccinating children against killer diseases such as measles or tuberculosis.

The Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) help local communities form their own projects. Once they are set up they run on their own without needing the FAO's money.

At any one time the FAO is involved in 1,500 local projects to improve the crops, nutrition and living conditions of people in African villages.

The FAO have also put money towards developing new types of plants which can grow in the harsh Africa climate. One example is a type of maize that needs very little water.

The World Food Programme (WFP) saves lives by fighting hunger in poor countries. It provides 35 per cent of the world's food aid.

The WFP helped 20 million people affected by a severe drought in North-East Africa, giving them six million tons of food.

The Street Food Programme helps groups to help themselves, rather than depending on aid.

In Khartoum, Sudan, the local people are given food in return for doing jobs such as building roads, wells and watering systems.

The World Health Organization (WHO) aims to improve the health of people in poor countries.

This includes training local people to become nurses and health care workers in their own country.

WHO also works to get rid of diseases such as malaria by teaching people how to avoid catching it.

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