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Teachers: Citizenship: Globalisation Economic

Last Updated: Tuesday November 09 2004 14:59 GMT

World hunger - causes and solutions

Citizenship 11-14/KS3/Levels E&F
Economic Globalisation

Overview

Game to teach about world hunger
A computer game aimed at teaching kids about world hunger and how aid agencies try to fight it has been developed.

Students design their own computer game in which players tackle world hunger.

Learning aims

  • Understand some causes of world hunger
  • Learn about solutions and ways to reduce world hunger

    Icebreaker

    Click here to read the story:

    Ask students: What are the causes of hunger in different parts of the world? Two are mentioned in the story.

    Make a class list of the causes.

    Warm up

    Add these causes of hunger to the list:

  • There are no roads or railways to get to far away shops
  • People don't have enough money to buy food
  • The soil is too poor to grow crops
  • Farmers don't have the tools to farm the land
  • Crops are destroyed by drought, floods or plagues of insects
  • People don't understand that it is important to eat a balanced diet of protein, carbohydrates, dairy products, fruit and vegetables

    For each cause, students write down at least one solution. E.g:

  • Cause: People don't know about a balanced diet
  • Solution: Teach people about the food they should eat

    Main activity

    Students design their own computer game where players tackle world hunger.

    [A] Draw up a class list of student's favourite computer games. Identify actions involved in the game. E.g:

  • collect items
  • shoot enemies
  • navigate around a course
  • select gadget
  • beat the clock

    [B] Using the World hunger worksheet,students select a country/area.

    They identify the main cause of hunger...
    Decide upon a solution...
    And work out how this could be made into a game using the list of game actions and the Food Force pictures for inspiration. E.g.

  • Country/area: Bangladesh, India
  • Solution: Send emergency food rations
  • Game: As a pilot you drop packages into villages. You have to hit a target area otherwise floods will wash the food away.

    [C] Students produce an outline of their game to present to a PS2 or X-Box talent scout. It should include:

  • Picture of what you would see on the computer screen
  • Name
  • A few sentences describing the country chosen, the cause of hunger, the solution and the aim of the game
  • Playing instructions

    Extension activity

    Design a second game for another country.

    Plenary

    Students present their games to the class, explaining how the aim of the game is designed to solve the cause of the country's hunger.

    Teachers' background

    These statistics come from the United Nation's World Food Programme webiste. See right hand side for link.

    The world produces enough food for everyone. But over 800 million people remain chronically hungry.

    Hunger and malnutrition claim 10 million lives every year, 25,000 lives every day or one life every five seconds.

    842 million people in the world do not have enough to eat. That's more than the populations of USA, Canada, Europe and Japan.

    314.9 million of the world's hungry people live in South Asia. That's more than the populations of Australia and USA .

    Hunger and malnutrition kill more people than AIDS, Malaria and TB put together.

    Poor families spend over 70 per cent of their income on food. An average American family spends over 10 per cent.

    For 10.4p you can feed a hungry child in school for a day.

    10.9 million children under five die in developing countries each year. Malnutrition causes 60 per cent of the deaths.

    Lack of Vitamin A kills a million infants a year.

    Iron deficiency is the most common form of malnutrition, affecting 180 million children under the age of four.

    Drought is the main cause of food shortages in poor countries. Irrigation can boost crop yields by up to 400 per cent.

    Everyone needs 2,350 calories each day. 54 nations do not produce enough to feed their people.

    Every day the WFP has 20 planes in the sky, 5,000 trucks on roads and 40 ships at sea delivering food aid.



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