Kashmir is home to some 12 million people. The region is divided in two:
- Indian-administered Kashmir to the east and south (about nine million people)
- Pakistani-administered Kashmir to the north and west (about three million people)
On the Indian side, the region forms part of the state of Jammu and Kashmir.
More than 60% of the people living in Kashmir are Muslim, making it the only state within India where Muslims are in the majority.
There are also groups of armed militants in Kashmir, many with radical views. India blames some of the more extreme groups for key terrorist attacks in the country.