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  How laws are made
A bill
Turning a bill into law
First reading
Second reading
Committee stage
Report stage
Third reading
The other House
Royal assent

 
The Queen at the State Opening of Parliament Royal assent
The Queen in her role as head of state gives Royal assent to the bill. This is the final stage of the bill's progress in Parliament.

Is it law now?

The bill has become an Act of Parliament. It does not necessarily become law straight away. Some acts come in to force after a set period of time.

This is to allow people to change their behaviour so they do not break the new law.

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Coat of arms Who's who in a magistrates' court?
Hansard Society: MPs in Schools
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Press Pack: Our day in Parliament
Guide: Types of government
Find out about the Budget What's the Budget about? Find out!
Find out about the Scottish Parliament
Press Pack: Does Parliament matter?
Pictures: Politicians try to be cool
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