The law describes a person with a disability as having:
"A physical or mental impairment which has a substantial and long term adverse effect upon their ability to carry out normal day to day activities."
An impairment is the specific part of the body or brain that doesn't function fully.
In other words, a disabled person is someone who finds it difficult to do everyday things because of an impairment.
Although this may all sound complicated, disabled people mostly don't think about their impairments because jobs, school, meeting friends, getting high scores on their computer games etc is at the front of their minds, just like anyone else.
Some examples of disabilities include:
Impairments that affect movement e.g. in your arms or legs.
Impairments that affect the senses e.g. being blind or deaf.
Mental illnesses or learning disabilities.
Severe disfigurements e.g. scars, birthmarks and skin diseases.
Conditions where the disability is likely to get worse over time e.g. cancer, HIV, multiple sclerosis and muscular dystrophy.
Click on the link to the left for lots of useful websites.