Cognitive therapy helps people overcome depression or phobias and other personal problems.
There are a variety of drugs that are often used to treat mental illnesses. Different types of medicine can be used to help someone calm down, help them sleep, lift depression, or control disturbing thoughts.
Electro-convulsive therapy (ECT)
This is a controversial medical treatment for severe mental illness.
It involves passing electricity through the brain under anaesthetic, to produce a seizure (similar to having a fit).
ECT can cause unwanted side effects in some people, including:
- memory loss
- feeling sick