Chair - the person who controls the debate.
Motion - the viewpoint that is argued for or against.
Proposer - speaks in favour of the motion which, in many cases, they have written.
Opposer - speaks against the motion after the proposer has made their speech.
Seconders - two people who speak after the proposer and opposer, one for and one against the motion.
Amendments - these are changes that may be suggested for the main motion to change its wording slightly. Amendments also require opposers and seconders.
Abstain - if you don't vote either for or against the motion, you are said to abstain. This may be because you can't make up your mind or disagree with both opposing views.
House - the name for the room where the debate has taken place and its members.