In the early 19th century, whales were chased by six men in rowing boats, who were armed with hand weapons and lances.
The whales were killed and their bodies cut up. The blubber was melted down in brick ovens.
Their oil was used for lighting and lubrication and turned into varnish, linoleum, leather and pharmaceuticals.
The whale bones were used to make corsets, knife handles, umbrella ribs and brushes.
Modern whaling techniques were introduced in about 1870, when steam powered whale catchers replaced the traditional rowing boats.