The glowing butterfly has not been made so that it can find its way in the dark.
As the Bicyclus anynana butterfly develops, it will help researchers understand what happens to its genes to change the colour patterns on its wings.
The changes that happen could be down to environmental factors, they said.
This particular type of butterfly has specific shapes on its wing tips which look like eyes.
Researchers think they are used to fool birds because they do not know where the butterfly's real head is.
This could give the butterfly more chance of survival, because birds try to attack their heads first.
The research was published in a scientific journal.