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River Nile

A United Nations report has predicted that access to water may be the single biggest cause of conflict and war in Africa in the next 25 years.

Experts have warned that if populations rise as expected in Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan - the three countries most dependent on the Nile - competition for its waters will be intense.

Cairo said in 1991 that it was ready to use force to protect its access to the 7,000km-long river, which with its tributaries runs through nine countries.

However, recent years have seen Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan agree to use the river equitably and apply the principles of sustainable development.


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