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Non-NPT member:


  • Nuclear weapons: 110-150*
  • Population: 1.07 billion
  • Military budget: $19.4 billion
  • Signed NPT: n/a

  • *estimate. Sources: Global Security/CIA World Factbook

    India has aircraft and missiles capable of delivering nuclear weapons within a 2,500km range. It is reported to be working on more advanced missiles capable of travelling further.

    India became a nuclear power with the test of a crude nuclear device in 1974. The plutonium used in this test was derived from a reactor built with Canadian assistance. It carried out three further tests in 1998.

    India is receiving assistance from Russia in developing a civilian nuclear energy programme. Some analysts believe that it could use the same technology to refine its nuclear weapons.

    Related story: Does nuclear status boost India's clout? (12 May 03)


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