Norman Fowler was appointed transport secretary in 1979, a role in which he helped introduce seatbelt legislation. But he did not join the Thatcher Cabinet until January 1981.
After various ministerial appointments, he left Thatcher's government to spend more time with his family before becoming John Major's election campaign manager.
William Hague persuaded him back to frontbench politics, where he took the shadow environment, transport and regions and then home affairs portfolios.
In 2001, he was made a life peer, Lord Fowler of Sutton Coldfield.